The cells featured in the study by Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC were ‘gingival mesenchymal’ stem cells (GMSC), which are found in the gingiva, or gum tissue, within the mouth.
Professor Songtao Shi, the study’s senior author said that gingiva has much less inflammatory reaction and heals much faster when compared to skin.
The study shows that there are two types of GMSC: those that arise from the mesoderm layer of cells during embryonic development (M-GMSC) and those that come from cranial neural crest cells (N-GMSC).
The cranial neural crest cells develop into many important structures of the head and face, and 90 percent of the gingival stem cells were found to be N-GMSC.
The full article is located at Yahoo News India